Vivien Lefebvre, enseignant-chercheur à l’EM Strasbourg, a publié récemment un article dans le Journal of Business Ethics [CNRS cat.2, FNEGE cat.1, HCERES cat.A, ABS 3].
L’article est intitulé “Layoffs in SMEs: The Role of Social Proximity”.
Abundant research exists on the restructuring operations of large, publicly listed firms. However, little is known about the antecedents of layoffs in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Building on the stakeholder salience theory and arguments on social proximity, this study posits that SMEs are less likely to dismiss employees than large firms. We argue that the existence of strong interpersonal ties between employees and managers makes it hard for SME owners and managers to dismiss employees. Empirically analyzing a large sample of European Union firms, the results confirm that the likelihood of layoffs is lower in SMEs than in large firms, even when performance declines.